Working papers: Engineer Pipelines, Shortages and Supply Projections
This paper provides a quantitative analysis of the 'pipelines' that domestic and international graduates may take into engineering occupations.  The paper provides details of the numbers of permanent migrants and temporary visa holders in the skills streams of Australia's migration programs in recent years.  The temporary visa holders form a significant pool of expertise from which most permanent migrants are drawn. 
Australia faces a huge shortage of professional engineers.  This working paper uses information mostly from government sources to show that we need approximately 100,000 more engineers by 2030 to deliver desired outcomes in advanced manufacturing, infrastructure, low emissions technologies, etc. The paper uses the data in the pipelines paper to make projections of the contributions of domestic graduates and migrants to meet this demand.  These include significant growth in the numbers of domestic engineering graduates.